NodeJS – Simple CRUD APIs with MySQL

by in NodeJs


In this article, I will do a simple CRUD APIs in NodeJS, Express and MySQL. We learn how to create restful (create, read, update, delete) api in NodeJS.

 

API End Points, test on Postman:

  • GET /learns: Give all learns stored in database
  • GET /learns/{id}: Give a specific user with id.
  • POST /learns : Create a record
  • PUT /learns/{id}: Update a record
  • DELETE /learns/{id}: Delete a record

 

Modules to install and use in this example:

  • express.js: Web framework express.
  • mysql: Node.js driver for MySQL.
  • body-parser: Converting the POST data into the request body.
  • nodemon: Automatically restart the server whenever the code changes.

 

1. Install the modules to use in NodeJS

Run [npm init] to initialize the source file, package.json. Select the js code file is index.js

npm init

Install these packages, type in the following command on Git Bash or your favorite cmd:

npm i –s express express-handlebars mysql body-parser

Installing nodemon with the global command:

npm i -g nodemon

 

We will have the following soure:

source-folder-method-get-list-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Source folder

 

Package.json file content:

{
“name”: “nodemysql”,
“version”: “1.0.0”,
“description”: “”,
“main”: “index.js”,
“scripts”: {
“test”: “echo \”Error: no test specified\” && exit 1″
},
“author”: “”,
“license”: “ISC”,
“dependencies”: {
“body-parser”: “^1.19.0”,
“express”: “^4.17.1”,
“express-handlebars”: “^5.3.0”,
“mysql”: “^2.18.1”
}
}

 

2. MySQL Database

Create Database learns, with node_mysql_simple table as simple as follows:

// Schema: learns, DB: node_mysql_simple

CREATE DATABASE `learns` /*DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 */;

CREATE TABLE `node_mysql_simple` (
`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`name` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
`email` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
`course_id` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

database-method-get-list-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

MySQL Database

3. Index.js file server code

Use the required libraries that have been installed in NodeJS and establish a connection with MySQL.

const mysql = require(‘mysql’);
const express = require(‘express’);
const bodyparser = require(‘body-parser’);
var app = express();

// Express server
app.use(bodyparser.json());

// MySQL connection details
var mysqlConnection = mysql.createConnection({
host: ‘localhost’,
user: ‘root’,
password: ”,
database: ‘learns’,
multipleStatements: true
});

mysqlConnection.connect((err) => {
if (!err) {
console.log(‘Connect success.’);
} else {
console.log(‘Connect faile: ‘ + JSON.stringify(err, undefined, 2));
}
});

const port = process.env.PORT || 8080;
app.listen(port, () => console.log(`Listen on port ${port}…`));

 

Now you run the web server using command: node index.js

node index.js

And your server is running at port 8080.

gitbash-command-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Command run the web server

 

3.1. Insert data to Database, method POST route

var urlencodedParser = bodyparser.urlencoded({ extended: false });

// Post route value get from params
app.post(‘/learns’, urlencodedParser, (req, res) => {
let name = req.body.name;
let email = req.body.email;
let course_id = req.body.course_id;

let sql = “INSERT INTO node_mysql_simple (name, email, course_id) VALUES (?, ?, ?)”;
mysqlConnection.query(sql, [name, email, course_id], (err, rows, fields) => {
if (!err) {
res.send(‘Inserted ID : ‘ + rows.insertId);
} else {
console.log(err);
}
})
});

 

– Test on Postman: Input simple data with name, email. course_id.

method-post-method-get-list-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Method Post

 

Or you can use MySQL insert multiple rows from array.

// Post route direct value
app.post(‘/learnDirect’, (req, res) => {
// Multi values
let values = [
[‘Amit’, ‘[email protected]’, 1],
[‘Rishi’, ‘[email protected]’, 1],
[‘Akash’, ‘[email protected]’, 1],
];

let sql = ‘INSERT INTO node_mysql_simple (name, email, course_id) VALUES ?’;
mysqlConnection.query(sql, [values], (err, rows, fields) => {
if (!err) {
res.send(‘Inserted ID ‘ + rows.insertId);
} else {
console.log(‘Error: ‘ + err);
}
});
});

3.2. Show data list and detail data with method GET route

– Get route list:

// Get route list
app.get(‘/learns’, (req, res) => {
mysqlConnection.query(‘SELECT * FROM node_mysql_simple’, (err, rows, field) => {
if (!err) {
res.send(rows);
} else {
console.log(‘Query error: ‘ + err);
}
})
});

 

After inserting the second record, we have the results, test on Postman:

method-get-list-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Method Get, get data list

 

– Get route detail:

// Get route detail
app.get(‘/learns/:id’, (req, res) => {
mysqlConnection.query(‘SELECT * FROM node_mysql_simple WHERE id = ?’, [req.params.id], (err, row, field) => {
if (!err) {
res.send(row);
} else {
console.log(‘Query error: ‘ + err);
}
})
});

 

method-get-detail-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Method Get, get detail on Postman

 

3.3. Update data with method PUT route

// Put route value get from params
app.put(‘/learns/:id’, urlencodedParser, (req, res) => {
let id = req.params.id;

let name = req.body.name;
let email = req.body.email;
let course_id = req.body.course_id;

let sql = “UPDATE node_mysql_simple SET name = ?, email = ?, course_id = ? WHERE id = ?”;
mysqlConnection.query(sql, [name, email, course_id, id], (err, rows, fields) => {
if (!err) {
res.send(‘Updated with ID : ‘+ id);
} else {
console.log(err);
}
})
});

 

method-update-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Method Update

 

3.4. Delete data with method Delete

// Route Delete
app.delete(‘/learns/:id’, (req, res) => {
mysqlConnection.query(‘DELETE FROM node_mysql_simple WHERE id = ?’, [req.params.id], (err, rows, fields) => {
if (!err) {
res.send(‘Delete success ID: ‘ + req.params.id);
} else {
console.log(‘Delete error: ‘ + err);
}
})
});

 

method-delete-nodejs-simple-crud-apis-with-mysql

Method Delete

 

– Maybe you are interested: PHP – MVC CRUD and Connect to MySQL using PDO

 

Thank for reading.

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